Outcome 2

PAGE outcome 2:
Sectoral Reform

Partner countries are implementing evidence-based sectoral and thematic reforms in line with inclusive green economy priorities.

Achieving Outcome 2

Under outcome 2, PAGE supports countries and provinces with sectoral and thematic diagnostics, assessments, and policy analysis, and with advisory support integrated into the design and advancement of sectoral and thematic policies, strategies and plans.

The mobilization of partners to support Inclusive Green Economy (IGE) transformation, including donors, international organizations, civil society, academic and research institutions, and the private sector, has been another key area of support.

Achievements under outcome 2 so far by end of 2019:

  • 30 sectoral or thematic policies that support IGE priorities have been supported by PAGE in 10 countries (12 additional policies in 6 countries in 2019).
  • 71 reports (11 additional reports in 2019) completed, providing sectoral or thematic IGE diagnostics, assessments, and policy analysis.
  • 131 consultations (40 additional consultations in 2019) were held to share results of sectoral policy analysis.
  • 43 partners in 11 countries (19 additional partners in 2019) formally agreed to co-financing, complementary follow-up programming, pledges, PPPs etc.

In-country activities for Outcome 2

Barbados

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

Going forward, PAGE’s support to sectoral and thematic reform will focus on:

  • Conducting a Labour Force Survey Module on “Employment in the Environmental Sector and Green and Blue Jobs in Barbados”;
  • Formulating a youth engagement and communications strategy for IGE and climate change education in a 1.5 degree Celsius world; and
  • Conducting a green industry assessment with a focus on manufacturing value chains and with the view to creating jobs for youth and women.

Brazil, Mato Grasso State

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE has supported work in several sectoral and thematic areas to address critical issues relating to sustainability and social inclusion as follows:

Renewable energy

PAGE has supported Mato Grosso to develop a strategy in the area of renewable energy, as an input to the State Renewable Energy Policy being developed. This included an evaluation of the technical and economic potential for generation and use of renewable energy - particularly solar energy and biomass sources - conducted by UFMT. This analysis fed into the development of the Renewable Energy Development Strategic Plan finalised in 2019. In 2020, a strategy and implementation programme will be developed for the generation of energy from agroforestry and agricultural wastes. This work contributes to SDG 7, target 7.2, by aiming to increase the share of renewables, and SDG 12, target 12.5, by contributing to the reduction of waste through recycling and reuse.

Sustainable agriculture and social inclusion

Several activities have been completed to support sustainable agricultural practices that also address issues related to greater inclusion of families in rural settlements as set out as a priority in the PCI:

  • Family agriculture: PAGE has been supporting the development of processes and tools for the implementation of the SEIAF and its subsystems – which serve to promote sustainable development and poverty eradication under the State Agricultural Policy. PAGE finalised the development of a methodology and protocol for the implementation of the system, with a focus on the municipal level. Going forward, PAGE plans to support the revision and review process for the existing State Family Farming Plan - a policy document that defines guidelines and priorities and seeks sustainable development of family farming.
  • Rural Environmental Registration: PAGE has provided support to the Rural Environmental Registration, as a tool to allow farmers to access financial and technical programmes and services. A methodology was developed for the registration of informal rural settlements, involving data technical visits to the municipalities for collection and socioeconomic analysis. This analysis is expected to be completed in early 2020. Together with the work on family agriculture, this contributes to SDG 2, target 2.3, by working to improve productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, and target 2.4, by promoting sustainable agriculture.
Sustainable tourism

PAGE work in the tourism sector is aimed at strengthening sustainability elements in Mato Grosso State Government Tourism Policy, currently under development. Work has focused on the preparation of a study on sustainable tourism products. This contributes to SDG 8, target 8.9, by promoting policies for sustainable tourism that create jobs, and SDG 12, target 12.B, by developing and implementing tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism.

Sustainable urban development

Work has been undertaken to safeguard the Historic centre of Mato Grosso and support sustainable development of its municipalities as follows:

  • Management Plan for Cuiabá: PAGE has been supporting the elaboration of a sustainable management plan for Cuiabá. In 2019, a cultural heritage and urban analysis was completed, together with a review of existing funding mechanism and a stakeholder engagement plan. A socioeconomic analysis, business plan and land use plan are under development.
  • Participatory Municipal Development Master Plans: PAGE has been working to promote universal access to the benefits generated by the Participatory Municipal Development Master Plans for municipalities with a population of less than 20,000. The Methodology and Guidelines for the Implementation of these Master Plans were finalised in 2019. In April 2019, the municipality Salto do Céu region was selected to launch a pilot project to implement the Master Plan using the new methodology and guidelines. PAGE support for the above contributes to SDG 11, target 11.3, by promoting inclusive and sustainable urbanisation, and target 11.4, by working to protect and safeguard cultural heritage.
Green jobs

PAGE is supporting the development of green employment and income generation opportunities in targeted economic sectors. In 2019, a research study was initiated using the Green Jobs Assessment Methodology, which entails developing a tool for assessing the income and employment generation potential in different economic sectors. In 2020, PAGE support will focus on the design and implementation of a strategy for Youth Green Jobs and Entrepreneurship, including capacity building workshops. This contributes to SDG 8, target 8.4 by decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation.

Green Industry

As of 2019, the Federation of Industries is partnering with PAGE to produce a Green Industrial Development Policy with a focus on the development of an Industry Observatory to be included in the policy. This will contribute to SDG 9, target 9.2, by promoting sustainable industrialisation and SDG 12, target 12.1 by incorporating sustainable production and consumption into national policies.

Burkina Faso

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE has supported work in several sectoral and thematic areas to address critical issues relating to sustainability and social inclusion as follows:

Renewable energy

PAGE has supported Mato Grosso to develop a strategy in the area of renewable energy, as an input to the State Renewable Energy Policy being developed. This included an evaluation of the technical and economic potential for generation and use of renewable energy - particularly solar energy and biomass sources - conducted by UFMT. This analysis fed into the development of the Renewable Energy Development Strategic Plan finalised in 2019. In 2020, a strategy and implementation programme will be developed for the generation of energy from agroforestry and agricultural wastes. This work contributes to SDG 7, target 7.2, by aiming to increase the share of renewables, and SDG 12, target 12.5, by contributing to the reduction of waste through recycling and reuse.

Sustainable agriculture and social inclusion

Several activities have been completed to support sustainable agricultural practices that also address issues related to greater inclusion of families in rural settlements as set out as a priority in the PCI:

  • Family agriculture: PAGE has been supporting the development of processes and tools for the implementation of the SEIAF and its subsystems – which serve to promote sustainable development and poverty eradication under the State Agricultural Policy. PAGE finalised the development of a methodology and protocol for the implementation of the system, with a focus on the municipal level. Going forward, PAGE plans to support the revision and review process for the existing State Family Farming Plan - a policy document that defines guidelines and priorities and seeks sustainable development of family farming.
  • Rural Environmental Registration: PAGE has provided support to the Rural Environmental Registration, as a tool to allow farmers to access financial and technical programmes and services. A methodology was developed for the registration of informal rural settlements, involving data technical visits to the municipalities for collection and socioeconomic analysis. This analysis is expected to be completed in early 2020. Together with the work on family agriculture, this contributes to SDG 2, target 2.3, by working to improve productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, and target 2.4, by promoting sustainable agriculture.
Sustainable tourism

PAGE work in the tourism sector is aimed at strengthening sustainability elements in Mato Grosso State Government Tourism Policy, currently under development. Work has focused on the preparation of a study on sustainable tourism products. This contributes to SDG 8, target 8.9, by promoting policies for sustainable tourism that create jobs, and SDG 12, target 12.B, by developing and implementing tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism.

Sustainable urban development

Work has been undertaken to safeguard the Historic centre of Mato Grosso and support sustainable development of its municipalities as follows:

  • Management Plan for Cuiabá: PAGE has been supporting the elaboration of a sustainable management plan for Cuiabá. In 2019, a cultural heritage and urban analysis was completed, together with a review of existing funding mechanism and a stakeholder engagement plan. A socioeconomic analysis, business plan and land use plan are under development.
  • Participatory Municipal Development Master Plans: PAGE has been working to promote universal access to the benefits generated by the Participatory Municipal Development Master Plans for municipalities with a population of less than 20,000. The Methodology and Guidelines for the Implementation of these Master Plans were finalised in 2019. In April 2019, the municipality Salto do Céu region was selected to launch a pilot project to implement the Master Plan using the new methodology and guidelines. PAGE support for the above contributes to SDG 11, target 11.3, by promoting inclusive and sustainable urbanisation, and target 11.4, by working to protect and safeguard cultural heritage.
Green jobs

PAGE is supporting the development of green employment and income generation opportunities in targeted economic sectors. In 2019, a research study was initiated using the Green Jobs Assessment Methodology, which entails developing a tool for assessing the income and employment generation potential in different economic sectors. In 2020, PAGE support will focus on the design and implementation of a strategy for Youth Green Jobs and Entrepreneurship, including capacity building workshops. This contributes to SDG 8, target 8.4 by decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation.

Green Industry

As of 2019, the Federation of Industries is partnering with PAGE to produce a Green Industrial Development Policy with a focus on the development of an Industry Observatory to be included in the policy. This will contribute to SDG 9, target 9.2, by promoting sustainable industrialisation and SDG 12, target 12.1 by incorporating sustainable production and consumption into national policies.

China, Jiangsu Province

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE has continued to support sectoral and thematic reforms, with a focus on green industry, green trade and green jobs as follows:

Supporting the transformation of industrial parks

China has paved the way for developing Green Industrial Parks, completing work on national and international levels to quantify and promote their benefits, as highlighted:

  • Measuring progress towards green industrialisation: The Green Industry Progress (GIPro) Index has been developed, covering economic, environmental and social aspects of green transition of industries in 18 Chinese provinces and is benchmarked with other green industry indexes. The assessment provides a picture of advancement for each province, with specific policy recommendations identified. This facilitated development of a research paper on the “Green Evaluation of Industrial Firms in China” is being used as an input for the China Chapter of GGKP’s Green Industry Platform.
  • Supporting the green transition of industrial parks: A Green Industrial Park Assessment Study was carried out in Jiangsu and a Policy Guideline developed, taking stock of the policy instruments affecting green industrial parks at national and provincial levels. The results were summarised in the publication “Green Transformation of Industrial Parks in China's Jiangsu Province: A Synthesis Report” and launched in April 2019 at the International Seminar on Green Industrial Parks. This synthesis report provides a reference to scale-up work on green industrial parks on domestic and international levels.
  • Measuring transformation against international standards: A pilot study was commissioned in 2018 to assesses the performance of four Jiangsu industrial parks against the UNIDO/World Bank/GIZ International Framework of EIPs. The English report was finalised in February 2019 and discussed at the workshop in Suzhou in December, along with a training on EIP tools. The findings will be used to support development of consolidated industrial park guidelines.
  • Supporting industrial symbiosis and synergies: A study on select parks is being developed to identify the costs and benefits of industrial symbiosis and synergies. A training workshop on EIP policy support and industrial symbiosis tools took place on 2-4 December 2019, targeting provincial government and park management. ITPO Shanghai is planning to implement the opportunities identified by the study in other parks in the Shanghai region and beyond. Support for green industrial parks contributes to SDGs 7, 8, 9, 12 and 13 by implementing programmes on sustainable consumption; increasing the share of renewable energy and high-tech industries; improving energy efficiency; promoting decent work for all; upgrading infrastructure and industries to promote sustainable industrialisation; ensuring a conducive policy environment when supporting technology development, research and innovation; and integrating climate change measures into policies, strategies and planning.
Exploring the role of trade in green economy transition

The PAGE Environment and Trade Hub conducted a study on south-south trade in environmental goods and services and collaborated with the Research Institute for Global Value Chain (RIGVC) for a baseline assessment of sustainable textile trade and value-chains. The studies provided the basis for multi-sectoral workshops and trainings on trade in environmentally-sound technologies and sustainable textile value-chains, and summarised good practices shared at international events. This is aligned to SDG 17 by increasing green trade opportunities.

Supporting sustainability

China will establish an International Forum on Green Development in 2020 to enable exchange of experiences in green economy, growth and development. Hosted by the municipal government of Chengdu and led by the PRCEE, it will engage participants from multiple provinces and nations across different sectors. This demonstrates China’s commitment to sustainable development, knowledge sharing and collaboration, supporting SDG 17.

Ghana

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE work has centred on three key thematic areas: sustainable finance, green jobs and resource efficiency.

Green finance

PAGE completed a study on access to and opportunities for scaling up green finance in 2019, with a set of recommendations and proposed actions under discussion with the Public Service Commission (PSC). A working group comprising representatives from Ministry of Finance, MESTI, Private Enterprises Federation, Bankers Association of Ghana, and the Bank of Ghana provided technical support and guidance for the process. This supports SDG 17, target 17.3, on mobilising additional financial resources, and target 17.16, by facilitating partnerships.

Skills for green jobs

PAGE has been working to develop a strategy for green jobs in line with Ghana’s NDCs - identified as a gap at the 2018 event “Ghana National Dialogue on Decent Work and Just Transition to an Environmentally Sustainable Economy and Society for All”. A national study on skills for green jobs has been conducted, which will be validated with stakeholders in early 2020. A National Strategy on Green Jobs is also in the process of being drafted and due to be completed in 2020. Opportunities to link the Strategy to Ghana’s National Employment Policy and identify supporting projects in green sectors will be explored in 2020. This work contributes to SDG 8, target 8.5, focused on decent work for all.

Resource efficiency

PAGE has supported tailor-made training activities for selected firms in the steel and palm oil sectors, together with resource efficiency demonstrations. PAGE work under this theme has raised awareness about the benefits of energy efficiency and related methodologies within government institutions and industry in Ghana on energy management systems, power factor correction, resource efficiency and cleaner production. It also raised awareness of resource efficiency programmes in South Africa and Tunisia that could be adopted in Ghana. PAGE intends to support the Government’s ambition to develop a national industrial resource efficiency policy and programme, building on the above demonstration projects. These efforts contribute to SDG 8, specifically targets 8.2 and 8.3 on achieving higher levels of economic productivity, and SDG 9, target 9.2 on promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialisation.

Guyana

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE has commenced several activities to support the sectoral and thematic priority areas identified in the Green State Development Strategy, with further work planned for 2020. These activities are summarised below:

Green industry and trade

To support the development of green industry in Guyana, PAGE conducted a Green Industry Trade Assessment that was validated at a workshop in December 2018 with the Ministries of Finance and Business, the Department of Environment and the Private Sector Commission amongst others. The assessment plays a crucial role in identifying both potential policy reforms and new policies to support the transition to green industrial production and trade. The assessment subsequently provided inputs to the finalisation of the Green State Development Strategy. PAGE support for green industry contributes to SDG 9, target 9.2 by promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialisation, as well as SDG 17, target 17.11, by promoting exports for developing countries.

Green jobs

In 2018, PAGE began work on a Green Jobs Assessment Model, with the current focus on data analysis and capacity building. When completed in 2021, this will provide an economy-wide analysis of the sectors with the greatest potential for employment and fair work, assessing gaps and analytical challenges, while also identifying measures to protect the environment. This supports SDG 8, target 8.5, by promoting decent work for all, as well as SDG 17, target 17.14, by enhancing policy coherence across economic, social and environmental dimensions.

Green entrepreneurship and small business

In October 2018, PAGE co-organised the Guyana International Small Business Expo and Summit, participated in plenary sessions in the Green Expo, and sponsored a booth for the display of agro-processing products of an indigenous women’s group. The event provided small-scale entrepreneurs with an opportunity to showcase green and innovative products, as well as a platform for representatives from 16 countries to exchange information and experiences in green economy initiatives. This contributes to SDG 8, target 8.3, by supporting entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation.

Sustainable Agriculture

In 2020 PAGE will support follow-up work to the Green Industry Trade Assessment on waste management and resources efficiency in the agricultural sector. PAGE will also provide inputs to a scoping study on fiscal policy reforms and the development of a fiscal reform strategy for sustainable agriculture, linked to the Agricultural Ministry’s new Agriculture Sector Strategy 2020-2030. This will be accompanied by targeted capacity building activities in fiscal policies and trade and industrial policy. Finally, PAGE will provide technical support in the analysis of access to finance and promotion of innovative schemes that respond to the needs of the coconut value chain. These activities will contribute to SDG 8, target 8.3, by supporting green productive activities and SDG 17, targets 17.14 and 17.15, by enhancing policy coherence, encouraging domestic resource mobilisation and promoting investment.

Kyrgyz Republic

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE work has focused on the identification of priority sectors for support, as well as the inclusion of specific sectoral and thematic policy documents into the newly adopted Green Economy Development Programme. From 2020, PAGE will commence support to the implementation of these policy documents.

Sustainable finance

In 2018, PAGE together with GIZ, OSCE and the OECD supported the development of a Sustainable Finance Roadmap. Presented at a Policy Dialogue in June 2018, this Roadmap has been incorporated into the Green Economy Development Programme, with work to commence on its implementation in 2020. This work contributes to achieving SDG 17, target 17.3, by supporting the mobilisation of financial resources for developing countries.

Sustainable urban development

The green cities section of the Green Economy Development Programme was drafted with PAGE inputs. Throughout 2020 PAGE will support implementation of this document, including: i) analysing legislation on urban development with emphasis on green economy; ii) developing recommendations to integrate IGE aspects into legal and normative acts and normative-technical documents on sustainable development; and iii) strengthening capacities on green city issues in a gender-sensitive way. A specific event was held at the 2019 Green Economy Week on how green economy approaches can drive modern urban development in big cities, facilitating exchange of ideas and collaboration. This work supports SDG 11, target 11.3, by making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable for all.

Sustainable agriculture

In 2019, PAGE commenced support in the area of sustainable agriculture, starting with an in-depth assessment of specific subsidies and taxes. This work is complementary to BIOFIN’s activity on reforming environmentally harmful agricultural subsides. This will provide further in-depth assessment of specific subsides and taxes and potential reform options, including the scale and potential use of revenues. A proposal for cooperation between PAGE and BIOFIN was drafted in June 2019. This work contributes to SDG 13, target 13.2 by integrating climate change measures into national policies.

Sustainable industrial policy

In 2018, PAGE completed an assessment of green industry and trade that was used as a chapter for the Green Economy Development Programme. In 2019, PAGE commenced a resource efficiency demonstration in the metal industry to be spearheaded by the State Committee on Industry, Energy and Subsoil Use. This work contributes to SDG 7, target 7.3, by seeking to improve energy efficiency and SDG 9, target 9.2, by promoting sustainable industrialisation. It also supports SDG 12 target 12.2, though improving industrial resource efficiency and waste reduction.

Green jobs

In 2018, PAGE finalised a Skills for Green Jobs Assessment outlining challenges and opportunities relating to capacity development in priority sectors to meet future skills needs. PAGE has also been supporting the development of the Green Jobs Assessment Model (GJAM) prototype to inform the impact of green policies on the labour market and household income distribution. This contributes to SDG 8, target 8.5, by supporting decent work and SDG 17, target 17.14, by promoting policy coherence.

Mauritius

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE’s work in Mauritius has spanned several sectors and cross-cutting themes with far-reaching consequences identified in the National Vision, including poverty reduction, industrial waste management, SME finance, green jobs, and public expenditure on climate change.

Linking green economy to poverty reduction

A focus of the National Vision is commitment to improve inclusiveness and reduce poverty. PAGE directly supported the development of the Marshall Plan Against Poverty, launched as part of the 2016-17 national budget, and the drafting of targeted policy measures to prevent extreme poverty. Its most important proposal — the Marshall Plan Social Contract — provides financial assistance to households found eligible under the Social Register of Mauritius for families in poverty. Funding for the Social Contract has been earmarked in successive national budget speeches. This supports SDG 1, target 1.4 on ensuring all men and women, particularly the poor and vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources.

Providing guidance on industrial waste management

PAGE supported Mauritius’ goal of greening its industry by conducting an IWA to provide strategic guidance for national policymakers in 2016. The assessment quantified the amount and main categories of industrial waste being generated in selected industries and provided insights into the legislative framework. It also identified opportunities for reuse and recycling of industrial waste, providing guidance for the development of a sustainable manufacturing industry. As a follow-up, a survey will be supported by PAGE to examine industrial waste management costs and develop recommendations on circular economy and the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). This work is aligned to SDGs 9 and 12, targets 9.5b and 12.5 on upgrading the technological capacities of industrial sectors, ensuring a conducive policy environment for industrial development and promoting the reduction of waste.

Expanding SME access to green finance

According to Mauritius’ 10-Year SME Master Plan, SMEs are encouraged to adopt sustainable production practices and showcase eco-business. There is a need to improve SMEs access to finance by expanding their funding opportunities and reinforcing their capacity and financial awareness. A Forum on Green Business Development was organised in May 2018, to discuss issues related to sustainable procurement and access to green financing. Subsequently, stakeholder consultations were held in July 2019, with a national technical working group to initiate a study on access to green finance to be completed in 2020. This work supports SDG 17, target 17.3, on mobilising additional financial resources, and target 17.16, by facilitating partnerships.

Bridging the skills gap through green jobs assessment

The country’s green jobs assessment model is being updated by a local modeler from the University of Mauritius with support from PAGE. Expected to be completed in 2020, this model will project the effects of the country’s NDCs on economy-wide employment effects, including green jobs. In addition, ILO completed a study on anticipated skills needs. A national capacity building workshop will be held in January 2020, using these two inputs. This work supports SDGs 8 and 17, by promoting decent work and building partnerships.

Monitoring public expenditure related to climate change

The Public Environment Expenditure Review (PEER), supported by PAGE, sparked interest in the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development to introduce climate finance tracking tools within the budget process and the Treasury Accounting System. PAGE assisted the Ministry to develop a methodology and training enabling policy officials to conduct an annual computation of total public-sector environmental expenditure. This will facilitate the integration of climate change measures into the national budget process, contributing to SDGs 8, 9 and 13.

Mongolia

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE has supported the implementation of sectoral and thematic reforms in line with national priorities, as documented below:

Sustainable procurement

PAGE supported the Ministry of Finance (MOF) to incorporate sustainability principles into the national public procurement framework. A status analysis of public procurement, prioritisation of goods and a market analysis were conducted. Sustainable public procurement tools and sample tendering materials were developed. The amendment to the Law on Procurement of Goods, Works and Services with State and Local Funds was adopted by the Parliament in March 2019, complemented by a supporting Action Plan that PAGE helped to develop. This work contributed to SDG 12, target 12.7, by supporting sustainable procurement of goods and services.

Sustainable finance mechanisms

PAGE supported the Mongolian banking sector to develop green and inclusive financial products and services in partnership with the UNEP Finance Initiative. In particular, it supported a study on demand for green credits and contributed to the establishment of a joint working group for creating a Mongolian Green Credit Fund (now Mongolian Green Finance Corporation – MGCF). A multi-partner agreement in support of the Fund/Corporation was signed at the 5th Mongolian Sustainable Finance Forum in September 2017. In October 2017, the Government established a Green Development Fund with the aim to apply sustainability to development financing and large-scale public investment projects. Since 2019, the Green Finance Corporation has started to provide green credits through three commercial banks. PAGE is also supporting the establishment of a public-private investment facility to ensure a more market-based value chain focusing on herders and cooperatives, including the critical cashmere market. These activities are aligned to SDG 17, target 17.3, on mobilising additional financial resources, and SDG 8, target 8.10 by strengthening the capacity of domestic financial institutions.

Green buildings and construction

The goals of the National Green Development Policy (NGDP) around energy efficiency standards and a rating system for green buildings were translated into the 2019 State Policy on Construction. PAGE support has included development of a handbook on green school buildings and the design for a green school building showcasing how to achieve energy efficiency standards. Completed in 2016, the design can be applied to over 220 schools that need to be built over the next 3-4 years, with a prototype school already built. PAGE also supported the formulation of a ‘business case’ for green buildings and provided capacity-building for stakeholders in the construction sector to foster up-take of green design elements for public and private buildings. Finally, PAGE has contributed to the establishment of a multi-stakeholder Green Buildings Advisory Council. These efforts contributed to SDG 11, target 11.3, and SDG 13, targets 13.1 and 13.2, by integrating climate change measures into national policies and by enhancing sustainable urbanization. The focus on green and climate-resilient buildings supported SDG 7, target 7.2, by promoting renewable energy and SDG 12, target 12.5, through use of recycled building materials.

Waste management

Following a study on industrial waste management and the recycling industry, PAGE carried out a baseline study on waste from end of life vehicles to determine the feasibility for local SMEs to process and recycle waste together with financing solutions. This work was advanced through approval of the renewed Law of Mongolia on Waste Management in May 2017 that aims to reduce the negative impacts of waste. This work supported SDG 12, targets 12.4 and 12.5, by promoting environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes, as well as reducing waste generation.

Green trade

PAGE, together with the UN Environment Trade Hub, completed a study on trade and green economy. The report takes stock of trade-related green economy policies, analyses opportunities and barriers and provides specific insights into the meat and cashmere sectors. From the study, a policy brief was constructed to inform the development of a green trade policy. This work was aligned to SDG 17, targets 17.9. and 17.11, aimed at increasing green trade opportunities, including through South-South cooperation.

Peru

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE has supported decent work, as well as green policies across industry, agriculture and forestry, water, transportation and solid waste.

Green jobs

PAGE supported the creation of green jobs on provincial and national levels. This has contributed to SDG 8, target 8.5, by promoting decent work and SDG 10, target 10.4, by supporting greater equality:

  • Provincial level: PAGE assisted the incorporation of green growth objectives into regional youth employment plans to provide young people with job opportunities. Regional youth employment plans were prepared for Arequipa, Piura, La Libertad and Cajamarca. In Piura and Arequipa, these plans were enacted through regional ordinances.
  • National level: PAGE supported the development of the National Green Jobs Plan, with the final draft discussed in October 2018. The Ministry of Labour and Employment Promotion (MTPE) has incorporated actions from this Plan into its 2019 institutional plan, with several activities funded by the public budget. In 2019, PAGE supported two products of the Green Jobs Plan: i) operational definition of green jobs, together with a future measurement system; and ii) the systematization of good practices regarding green jobs. In 2019, the MTPE prepared a proposal for a National Decent Employment Policy.
Green industry and circular economy

In 2017 PAGE and the Ministry of Production (PRODUCE) developed recommendations for a National Green Industrial Policy, which fed into the National Productivity and Competitiveness Plan. This work was complemented by a series of forums on green industry between 2017 and 2018. The way forward for green industry was further specified through a Circular Economy Roadmap endorsed by stakeholders in October 2019. This contributes to SDG 9, target 9.2, by promoting sustainable industrialization and SDG 12, target 12.1 by supporting sustainable production and consumption.

Sustainable agriculture, forestry, water and waste

Building on the guidelines for green growth, PAGE supported the initiation of a few sectoral policy measures between 2016 and 2018, including:

  • A proposal on guidelines for the certification of good practices to support the competitiveness of the forestry sector;
  • Two short-term policy proposals related to sustainable agriculture, including increasing the use of quality seeds and expansion of cooperatives;
  • Background research for the design of financial mechanisms to implement mitigation measures in the agricultural sector, in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MINAGRI);
  • An evaluation of initiatives to inform the development of a low-emission cattle raising strategy (linked to the National Livestock Development Plan);
  • A policy proposal to improve the 042 Budget Program related to Water Resources, and a study on the water footprint of agro-export crops; and
  • Formulation of a pilot project in Arequipa on waste management training to encourage sustainable business activities and promote green jobs.

This supports SDG 17, targets 17.1 and 17.5 on domestic resource mobilisation and investment, SDG 12, target 12.5, by reducing waste generation and SDG 8, target 8.5 by promoting decent work.

Sustainable urban transport

PAGE conducted a study on green business models for urban transport that was discussed with the public and private sectors, civil society and trade unions in June 2019. This is expected to contribute to the National Mitigation Action on sustainable urban transport. More broadly, Peru established the Urban Transportation Authority for the cities of Lima and Callao in December 2018, based on recommendations of a PAGE-supported study on opportunities for green growth from 2017. This contributes to SDG 11, target 11.2, by providing access to sustainable transport.

Teleworking

PAGE supported the formulation of the teleworking strategy in 2015. Following the adoption of a Pact for Teleworking in 2017, a more comprehensive national policy proposal was developed with assistance from PAGE, aiming to reduce the environmental footprint of workers, while promoting the inclusion of women and people with disabilities in the labour market. Several international and national events were held throughout 2016 and 2017 to raise awareness and share best practices. These consultations supported the development of a national policy proposal on teleworking, which was subsumed into the proposal for a National Decent Employment Policy currently under development. This has contributed to SDG 8, target 8.5, by promoting decent work and SDG 10, target 10.4, by supporting greater equality.

Senegal

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE identified four priority areas aligned with the Plan Senegal Emergent (PSE) and backed by the findings of the original Green Economy Assessment from 2013. These are outlined below, with the additional information related to entrepreneurship included under Outcome 3:

Green jobs

With a young active population, Senegal’s labour market is characterised by a constant stream of new workers, providing opportunities for green job creation. PAGE has provided the following support aligned to SDGs 8 and 17, particularly targets 8.5 and 17.14, on productive employment and decent work, and on enhancing policy coherence. This has also contributed to SDG 5, target 5.C, by promoting gender equality:

  • Formulation of the National Strategy on Green Jobs identifying avenues for green job creation and priorities for policy support and being integrated into the National Employment Policy;
  • Implementation of the above Policy through the PACEV (le Programme d'appui à la création d’opportunités d’Emplois Verts) —a programme that aims to build knowledge and skills in the field of environment and business management, address low qualification levels and help stakeholders formulate promising and bankable projects;
  • Support to a Public-Private Partnership for the establishment of an incubator for the green economy and green jobs, involving private companies, higher technical education institutions and government agencies;
  • Development of methodology for data collection and statistical analysis of green jobs creation that was integrated into the National Employment Survey; and
  • A Study on Skills for Green Jobs that helped to identify the skills needed in emerging occupations and rapidly growing industries in the context of greening the economy.
Sustainable construction

In 2015, PAGE engaged in a partnership with the National Programme on Energy Efficiency and Use of Local Material for Sustainable Construction to support training and the development of technical norms and standards on sustainable construction materials and energy efficiency. Through support to the renovation of the polytechnic school in the town of Thies, a building showcasing energy efficiency standards was created. This was complemented by training sessions in 2015 and 2016 on the use of local material for construction, involving artisans and women’s groups. This contributes to SDG 12, target 12.5, by using recycled building materials and promoting low-carbon production, as well as SDG 5, target 5.C, by supporting gender equality.

Waste management

In 2015, PAGE established a partnership with the National Programme on Waste Management to support capacity building activities for local institutions, SMEs and community groups with a focus on entrepreneurship and management skills as well as occupational health and safety. In May 2017, PAGE participated in a national forum on waste management in Dakar as part of its work to build the institutional capacity of cooperatives set-up to support waste collection and central sorting. ILO and WEIGO (a charitable foundation) have taken this work forward by developing a pilot project to establish cooperatives amongst waste pickers in Mbeubeuss – the largest open-air landfill in West Africa. In August 2019, they co-organised a workshop involving national institutions in waste management. This drew on the findings of a scoping study on the waste site and presented the option of a cooperative, stimulating national media attending and integrating workers into the discussion. This support SDG 12, target 12.4, on reducing waste generation and SDG 8, target 8.5, on decent work for all.

Green industry

A green industry assessment was completed in 2015 to support the PSE objectives on industrialisation. This was followed by a High-Level Roundtable on Green Industry in May 2017, as part of the Institute for Economic Development and Planning’s policy dialogue series. With PAGE support, the Ministry of Industry formulated several recommendations for an Action Plan for a Green Industrialisation in Africa and for Senegal, in particular. This contributes to SDG 9, target 9.2, by promoting sustainable industrialisation and SDG 12, target 12.1, by incorporating sustainable production and consumption.

Sustainable funds from oil and gas

PAGE has concentrated efforts on influencing policy debates on the use of expected revenues to promote sustainable development. Analytical work resulted in study entitled “Funds and Mechanisms for the Management of Oil and Gas Revenues to Support Sustainable Development: Insights from Country Experiences and Lessons for Senegal”. Since its launch in 2018, the study has become a reference document, informing national dialogues and discussions, such as the third National Sustainable Development Conference held in May 2018 and a session by the High Council on Social Dialogue in July 2019, mandated by the President of Senegal to play a central role in the national dialogue around oil and gas. PAGE’s support for the sustainable management of oil and gas revenue contributes to SDG 8, target 8.4, by endeavouring to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation.

South Africa

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE has supported South Africa across a variety of sectors in stimulating dialogue and collaboration to increase understanding, accelerate reform and support ownership as follows:

Social compact to support sectoral change

PAGE has supported national dialogues to strengthen transition towards sustainable energy. Two discussion papers fed into a multi-stakeholder debate convened under the OR Tambo Debate Series. The 2017 debate on renewable energy and industrialisation accelerated policy reform in the energy sector. Also using this platform, PAGE collaborated with the National Planning Commission to engage youth and labour constituents for a social compact on pathways for a Just Transition to a low-carbon society (with roundtables held in 2018 and 2019 respectively). This contributed to the work of the National Planning Commission through review of the National Development Plan Chapter 5 (2030-2050) and development of the “2050 Vision and Pathways for a Just Transition to a Low Carbon, Climate Resilient Economy and Society” finalised in 2019. As the decommissioning of coal fired power plants presents a specific challenge for South Africa in the context of a just green economy transition, PAGE will further work with organised labour and the Just Transition Centre to facilitate the engagement of labour and affected communities in this sector. This work contributes to SDGs 10 and 17, targets 10.2 and 17.16, by promoting the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age or sex, and by supporting multi-stakeholder partnerships.

Green industry and trade

In 2016, PAGE produced the Green Economy Industry and Trade Analysis. This identified small-scale embedded generation systems, water technology, the biogas-to-transport value chain and bio-composites as areas offering particular trade opportunities for green industrial development. This work has provided the basis for a further sector-specific assessment on green industry and trade leading to a set of recommendations. The analysis informed the Bio-composite Action Plan and Implementation Strategy finalised in 2018 and a feasibility study for biomaterials to be produced in 2020. This work supports SDG 8, target 8.2, by facilitating diversification, technological upgrading and innovation and SDG 9, target 9.B, by supporting domestic technology development, research and innovation and SDG 12, target 12.4, by promoting the environmentally sound management of all wastes throughout their life cycle.

Water supply, treatment, reuse and leakages

South Africa’s water crisis has presented an opportunity to re-examine policies in relation to water. PAGE is collaborating with the DEFF to update the previously-developed SAGEM report that used dynamics modelling to assess the impacts of green investments in select sectors. This includes an update of the modelling to include the water-biodiversity nexus, with a sub-national focus on the provinces worst affected by the water crisis. This contributes to SDG 15, targets 15.1 and 15.9, by promoting the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and by integrating ecosystem and biodiversity values into national development planning. It also contributes to SDG 17, target 17.18, by enhancing capacity to produce high-quality data.

Renewable energy technology

In May 2018, PAGE contributed to a high-level roundtable discussion on skills in RET by conducting a diagnostic on the RET sector to identify areas of growth and development and their implications for skills needs in these areas. This supports to SDG 8, target 8.2, by facilitating diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, SDG 9, target 9.B, by supporting domestic technology development, research and innovation, and SDG 17, target 17.7, by promoting the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies.

Uruguay

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

A Green Economy Assessment completed in 2015 identified priority areas that could drive a green economy transition in Uruguay, including agriculture, livestock, industry and tourism. These findings contributed to the implementation of PAGE activities as follows:

Green and inclusive production and services

Together with key government institutions, PAGE has been developing public policies to promote the greening of traditionally “brown” productive activities. Specially, PAGE has played an important role in addressing issues related to artisanal brick production. This includes organizing the first international event on Cleaner Production and Formulisation of Brick Production Activities in May 2019. Since October 2019, PAGE has been supporting the creation of the Pando Brick Production School and Park to provide theoretical and practical training in the production of bricks, incorporate good practices, promote efficiency, improve marketing conditions and improve working conditions. Finally, throughout November 2019, PAGE organized capacity building workshops on raw materials and cleaner production throughout Uruguay. This work contributes to SDG 8, target 8.3, by promoting productive activities that support sustainable development objectives.

Land use tensions in mixed use metropolitan areas

Since 2018, PAGE has been supporting the design and implementation of policies to relieve tensions between industrial activities and residential areas in metropolitan Montevideo. In March 2019, a final report was completed characterising an urban zone that shows tensions between leather tannery activities and residential use. The conclusions and lessons learnt from this report serve as an important input for the design of public policy addressing this issue. This work supports SDG 11, target 11.3 by enhancing inclusive and sustainable urbanisation.

Circular economy

Steps have been taken to support the development of a circular economy as key component of a green economy transition. The immediate focus has been the development of a National Action Plan on Circular Economy, as well as the launching of the National Circular Economy Awards. In addition, Uruguay has explored the possibility of expanding the application of the circular economy concept with advice from Finland. Going forward, PAGE plans to support the establishment of Circular Bio-Economy technological centre. This work contributes to SDG 12, target 12.5, by reducing waste generation. The North-South exchange contributes to SGD 17, target 17.6 by facilitating knowledge sharing.

Greening of businesses

PAGE is supporting a programme for the greening of micro, small and medium sized enterprises, with an emphasis on cleaner production and labour formalisation. In 2018, PAGE collaborated with the Energy Efficiency Programme of the National Directorate of Energy to create an app that helps businesses to improve their energy efficiency. In December 2019, a company was selected to design and implement this tool. This workstream supports SDG 8, targets 8.3 and 8.4, by promoting resource efficiency and supporting productive activities, job creation and labour formalisation. It also contributes to SDG 12, target 12.A, by supporting scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable consumption and production.

Waste valorisation

PAGE collaborated with Plan Ceibal (a national initiative providing information and communication technology equipment to primary and secondary schools), in the development of prototypes of locking brick-like blocks that use recycled plastics recovered from disused computer equipment from Plan Ceibal devices. Finalised in August 2019, the prototypes are being used as furniture in schools and educational spaces. This contributes to SDG 12, target 12.5, by reducing waste generation.