Achieving Outcome 1
Under outcome 1, PAGE has been supporting countries with Inclusive Green Economy (IGE) diagnostics, assessments, and policy analysis, prioritization of IGE sectors, as well as mobilization and engagement of public, private and civil society stakeholders.
With the joining of Morocco and Thailand in 2019, PAGE is now supporting 20 countries and provinces/states.
Achievements under outcome 1 so far by end of 2019:
- 38 national development plans or cross-sectoral strategies integrating IGE priorities have been supported by PAGE in 14 countries.
- 32 reports were completed (6 additional reports in 5 countries in 2019) providing national IGE diagnostics, assessments and policy analysis and feeding into national planning processes.
- 101 cross-sectoral consultations (20 additional consultations in 13 countries in 2019) were organized to mobilize stakeholders, share results of policy analysis and consult priorities.
- 217 institutions of public, private and civil society stakeholders were mobilized and engaged in cross-sectoral IGE prioritization.
In-country activities for Outcome 1
Going forward, PAGE will provide support to national policymaking by:
- Developing a stocktaking report, including an inventory of best practices in green and blue economy; and
- Mobilising and engaging stakeholders in defining a green and blue economy vision for the country.
Brazil, Mato Grasso State
PAGE is supporting the gradual integration of green economy into policies by supporting national ownership and cross collaboration and engagement. This includes:
The Steering Committee in Mato Grosso was established by decree in 2016 to promote the coordination and implementation of PAGE work. Following a restructuring in the state government in 2019, a new PAGE Steering Committee was established, including clear terms of reference, a list of members and its functions. As well as defining the annual workplan, the Steering Committee facilitated the recruitment of a PAGE coordinator and programme assistant for Mato Grosso in February 2019 to enable coordination between the PAGE team in Cuiabá and the UN Agencies in Brasilia. These activities contribute to SDG 17, targets 17.16, by promoting partnerships that mobilise and share knowledge and expertise to support the achievement of the SDGs.
PAGE has supported the integration of green economy at a policy level by supporting multi-stakeholder collaboration and knowledge development. Examples include:
Adoption of the SNEV in 2019 marks a significant milestone in Burkina Faso’s transition to IGE. The SNEV contributes to the vision outlined in the PNDES, which states that Burking Faso will transform its economy to achieve strong and inclusive growth through sustainable consumption and production patterns. The strategy built on the macroeconomic and sectoral assessments supported by PAGE and involved over 90 stakeholders in the validation process. This work is aligned to SDGs 8, 12, 13 and 17, targets 8.5, 12.4, 13.2, 17.11 and 17.14 on achieving productive employment and decent work, achieving the environmentally sound management of all wastes, integrating climate change measures into national policies, promoting exports and enhancing policy coherence.
Options are being evaluated regarding national coordination for forward going green economy work, including integration into an existing coordinating mechanism such as the Climate Change coordination Committee. This contributes to achieving SDG 17, target 17.14, by working to enhance policy coherence for sustainable development, and target 17.16, by supporting partnerships.
China, Jiangsu Province
PAGE’s engagement began with a stocktaking on Jiangsu’s green economy, summarising good practices and potential challenges for policy implementation. Areas for support aligned with the provincial government’s implementation of the 13th Five-Year plan were identified as a result.
Measuring Jiangsu’s progress towards IGE transition - A particular focus has been measuring green economy performance, with the following activities:
PAGE has supported Nanjing University by providing evidence-based IGE policy analysis through the development of a GEP measurement framework for Jiangsu. This complements the existing framework used by the provincial government with strengthened social and gender dimensions, to help identify policy gaps and opportunities for future resource allocations. This was shared with South Africa to inform development of their national GEP indicators.
Following consultation of initial results with the provincial Government in 2018, the framework has been broadened to measure the performance of 13 prefecture-level cities in Jiangsu. This tool has also been applied in Fujian Province, operated by Fujian Normal University, to monitor the green economy progress on both provincial and city levels. This has fostered a GEP learning network between the two universities and others, including Zhejiang University and Suzhou University of Science and Technology, which participated in the expert consultation workshop in December 2019. A dedicated Jiangsu Green Economy database and an online monitoring tool were presented at the workshop, to be finalised in 2020. Work on the GEP framework supports SDG 8, target 8.4, by promoting resource efficiency in consumption and production, target 8.5, by supporting full, productive employment, and SDG 17, targets 17.18 and 17.19, by increasing the availability of data and progress measurements towards SDGs.
PAGE has shaped policymaking towards achieving IGE and wider SDG and NDC targets on national and local levels, as documented below:
- Establishing a clear path to IGE transition: A major focus has been development of the country’s next Medium-Term National Development Framework (2018-2021). This was informed by the medium-term development plans of sub-national MMDAs – developed with active support from PAGE. This national framework has set a clear pathway towards transitioning to a green economy.
- Mainstreaming NDCs and SDGs into decentralised governance system: PAGE has supported MMDAs to improve their capacity to mainstream green economy actions into their work. A manual for mainstreaming climate change and green economy related SDGs into development planning was produced and as of 2018, 280 staff of 24 MMDAs across the three regions of Northern Ghana received training on its use. This has resulted in the incorporation and adoption of green economy related actions into the medium-term plans of 216 MMDAs across the country. This work contributes to SDG 12, target 12.1 by incorporating sustainable production and consumption into national policies, and SDG 17, target 17.14, by enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development.
To ensure comparability in data collection and computation across MMDAs, PAGE has supported the GSS to develop metadata for climate change and green economy related SDGs. The final metadata report covering 138 indicators was completed in 2019, with 162 statisticians trained in its use. This work will not only support sound policymaking and planning, but also help Ghana meet its reporting obligations to the international community through the Voluntary National Review framework. This aligns with SDG 17, target 17.18, by providing capacity-building to increase the availability of high-quality, timely, and reliable disaggregated data.
A Presidential Committee on Environmental and Natural Resources has been established with a mandate to coordinate the government’s intervention in the fight against illegal small-scale mining. Together with the Inter-Ministerial Committee for SDGs hosted by the Ministry of Planning at the Presidency and the SDGs Implementation Committee, these national institutions provide an entry point at the highest political level to drive actions on green economy beyond PAGE. This contributes to SDG 17, targets 17.14 and 17.16 by enhancing policy coherence and supporting partnerships.
PAGE has established itself as a partnership mechanism to support dialogue and provide technical expertise to contribute to the government’s national strategy and vision. Key support areas are highlighted below:
PAGE supported the finalisation of the Green State Development Strategy, holding discussions with various Ministers and a wide group of stakeholders and supporting public outreach sessions with civil society throughout 2018 and 2019 known as Green Conversations. The Government’s commitment to this Strategy’s Vision 2040 has been highlighted across several national and international fora, including in its 2019 Budget Speech and at the 2019 High-Level Political Forum and UNFCCC COP25 event. In 2020, work will commence to develop an online platform for monitoring, evaluating and reporting on the Vision 2040, the SDGs and the Paris Agreement. This contributes to SDG 13, target 13.2 by integrating climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning. It also supports SDG 17, targets 17.14 and 17.16 by enhancing policy coherence and developing country-owned frameworks and tools.
- Modelling green economy scenarios: PAGE work on medium-term system dynamics modelling of green economy scenarios across agriculture, energy, forestry and road infrastructure was finalised and synthesised into a “Summary Report for Policy-Makers” released in September 2019. From 2020, work will be conducted to model SDG and Green State Development Strategy targets to identify investment requirements in the education sector.
PAGE is supporting the development of a green economy progress measurement framework, composing of a GE progress index and a sustainability dashboard, through the provision of stakeholder consultations, training and a calculations exercise in collaboration with the Ministry of Finance, with work to commence in 2020.
PAGE work has focused on establishing a foundation to develop, measure and assess national policies relating to sustainability and green economy. Under the lead of the Ministry of Economy, a series of activities have contributed to the alignment of IGE goals with national policymaking:
Following the adoption of the National Development Strategy 2040, and the accompanying five-year development programme Unity, Trust and Creation in 2018, a critical milestone was approval of the Green Economy Development Programme in November 2019. It incorporates several studies and roadmaps developed with PAGE support on green finance, procurement and learning, as well as the first results of PAGE’s macroeconomic modelling. The Kyrgyz Republic has also demonstrated its commitment to IGE through ratification of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change in 2019. This work supports SDG 13, target 13.2, and SDG 17, target 17.14, on integrating climate change measures into national policies and enhancing policy coherence.
Several activities are being undertaken to support effective implementation and monitoring of IGE policies, including:
- Modelling policy scenarios: PAGE began providing green economy modelling support to the Ministry of Economy in 2018. With the support of an international expert, modelling work started with the identification of seven sectors and three thematic areas for policy intervention. The work has continued in 2019, with a focus on creating an integrated simulation model, model validation and capacity-building. The final model is due to be completed in 2020.
- Monitoring implementation across national programmes: PAGE is supporting the President’s Office and the Ministry of Economy to build a monitoring system for the implementation of key development strategies and programmes. This includes the long-term Strategy-2040, five year programme 2018-2023 and Green Economy Development Programme. Five training workshops were conducted with the Unit of Strategic Development, Policy, Economy and Finance (SDPEF) of the President’s Office to strengthen knowledge and skills around monitoring and reporting. At the Ministry of Economy work is focused on improving data collection and reporting, monitoring and evaluations systems. This, together with modelling on policy scenarios, supports SDG 17, targets 17.18 and 17.19, by increasing data and measurements of progress towards the SDGs.
PAGE has played a fundamental role in supporting national dialogue, through the completion of assessments, organization of forums and by building a strong case linking poverty reduction to green economy. Examples include:
Several green economy analyses, including the Mauritius Green Economy Assessment and Mauritius Fiscal Policy Scoping Study have been completed. The findings from these studies provided valuable inputs into the Mauritius National Vision objectives. Several strategic documents were developed by the Mauritian government to guide achievement of these objectives that mainstreamed IGE principles, including the “Three-Year Strategic Plan: Rising to the Challenge of Our Ambitions (2017/18-2019/20)” and the “10-Year Masterplan for the SME Sector in Mauritius”, commissioned by the MoBEC. This work supports SDG 17, target 17.4, by enhancing policy coherence.
In May 2018, a week-long Green Economy Forum was organised jointly with the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development, to share the latest developments related to Mauritius’ green economy transition. 273 participants from government institutions, the private sector, training institutions and civil society attended to increase competences around the green bonds market and promote knowledge sharing on policy formulation and green economy transition. A final event is being planned in 2020 to mark the phase out of PAGE and operationalise the sustainability plan. PAGE will be providing targeted support to the SDG Steering Committee during the final phase. This contributes to SDG 17, target 17.14, by enhancing policy coherence and target 17.16, by supporting partnerships.
Mongolia has integrated IGE goals and targets into SDG-aligned national economic and development planning. When PAGE started to phase out its support in 2018, focus turned to how policy efforts could be sustained and further embedded. Examples of PAGE support include:
With the National Green Development Policy (NGDP), Mongolia has a national framework in place that sets clear goals for green development, centred on sustainable consumption and production, sustainable ecosystem carrying capacity, increased investment in natural capital, human development, green technology, and green lifestyle and education. The complementary Action Plan sets concrete actions to achieve these targets. This work supported SDG 17, target 17.14, by enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development and SDG 8, target 8.3 by supporting development-oriented policies.
Both the NGDP and Action Plan are underpinned by the results of a modelling and policy assessment carried out by the Economic Policy and Competitiveness Research Centre (EPCRC). In addition to scenario testing, this provided specific policy recommendations for four selected sectors – construction, solid waste, energy and water. This work has contributed to SDG 17, targets 17.18 and 17.19, by developing measurements of progress on sustainable development and supporting capacity-building.
In 2015, PAGE helped to define indicators for measuring progress towards the NGDP in collaboration with the National Statistical Office (NSO) and Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI). The Government utilized national budgetary resources to operationalise these indicators in July 2017. This enables monitoring of implementation on a continual basis, including information on green jobs through the regular Labour Force Survey. This work was aligned to SDG 17, target 17.19, on developing measurements of progress on sustainable development.
Four aimags have adopted medium-term development programmes based on the principles from the Sustainable Development Vision and NGDP and five aimags are working on final drafts. This has supported SDG 13, target 13.2, by integrating climate change measures into policies and SDG 17, target 17.14, by enhancing policy coherence.
PAGE has played a fundamental role in shaping decision-making and policies that promote IGE by supporting multi-stakeholder collaboration and knowledge development.
Several activities have taken place to identify and integrate IGE priorities at the national level:
PAGE helped the government to identify elements for the construction of a green growth development model. This included identifying priority areas through a stocktaking study and the ex-ante evaluation of green policies and their social, economic and environmental impact by means of a quantitative assessment. The University of the Pacific was selected as the national institution to support this work. PAGE has subsequently provided more specialist assistance to the Ministry of Production (PRODUCE) to apply the Integrated Green Economy Modelling (IGEM) framework. A series of workshops were conducted in 2018 to develop modelling capabilities. In 2019, PAGE extended its support at the sub-sector level, with a report on “quantitative analysis of green policies in the manufacturing sector”, as well as training for 25 participants from various ministries, including sessions with technical experts. This work aligns to SDG 17, target 17.14, by enhancing policy coherence and target 17.19, by building on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress.
PAGE has facilitated inter-ministerial dialogue through the PAGE Technical Committee and National Steering Committee (led at the level of Vice Ministers). Following a change in government, the Ministry of Environment (MINAM) took over inter-ministerial coordination in 2018, to ensure country ownership after the phase-out period. This contributes to SDG 17, target 17.16, by facilitating multi-stakeholder partnerships.
PAGE has supported the integration of green economy into national policies through multi-stakeholder collaboration and knowledge development. Beyond the executive branch of government, parliamentarians, local mayors and members of different high councils mandated by the President have engaged in PAGE work. Examples include:
PAGE’s five years of action corresponded with the implementation of the Plan Senegal Emergent (PSE), including the first Priority Action Plan (PAP 2014-2018) and the development of the PSE II and second PAP (2019-2023). The initial PSE signalled Senegal’s commitment to sustainable development at a high-level, translated into more practical measures through the PAPs. In the PSE II reference to green economy objectives was further strengthened, and the PSE Vert has become a guide for the government’s green initiatives. In 2016, a National Strategic Orientation Document on Green Economy, together with a supporting action plan was formulated with support from a national technical team. In 2018, PAGE embarked on a partnership with the Ministry of Environmental and Sustainable Development to update the existing national green economy model and related Green Economy Assessment report. Using the updated model, the second edition of the green economy assessment analysed six sectors connected to the second PAP that is being implemented since 2019. This work contributes to SDG 17, targets 17.14, 17.15 and 17.19 by enhancing policy coherence and supporting country-owned frameworks and tools.
PAGE, in collaboration with the Ministry of Environmental and Sustainable Development and Institute of Environmental Sciences organised two National Green Economy Days in 2015 and 2018, providing stakeholders with the opportunity to discuss Senegal’s transition to a green economy. A third edition took place on 11-12 February 2020. The second event held in February 2018 featured the launch of the study “Funds and Mechanisms for the Management of Oil and Gas Revenues to Support Sustainable Development” and discussed the first findings from the study on “Skills for Green Jobs” in Senegal. The Green Economy Days will be taken forward beyond PAGE, demonstrating the level of national ownership of IGE. This supports SDG 17, targets 17.14 and 17.16 by enhancing policy coherence and building partnerships.
One of the highlights of the second Green Economy Days was the announcement of the National Multi-stakeholder Platform on the Green Economy that aims to stimulate green growth and development. PAGE supported the establishment of this platform, holding consultations to develop a charter on green economy and to create a mission and objectives. The Platform brings together a dozen institutions and provides a forum for dialogue, information sharing and coordinated action on issues such as green financing, climate change, green jobs, and the sustainable exploitation of the country’s oil and gas resources. Going forward, the platform will act as an institutional driver to ensure sustainability when PAGE phases out of Senegal. This work contributes to SDG 17, target 17.16, by facilitating multi-stakeholder partnerships.
PAGE has provided a solid foundation to develop, measure and assess national policies relating to sustainability and green economy. Several activities have contributed to the alignment of IGE goals with national policymaking:
One of the first outputs for PAGE was the Green Economy Inventory for South Africa (GEISA) that serves as a platform for enhancing coordination and acts as a tool to guide decision making amongst policymakers. Covering approximately 1,000 green initiatives in all provinces and in all sectors, this work is illustrative of growing activity in the green economy landscape. Seven of the nine provinces have developed provincial green economy strategies following the GEISA and sectoral policies in waste management, water, energy, manufacturing and transport have been adopted. Insights drawn from the GEISA have been instrumental in understanding how existing green economy actions can be expanded and scaled-up to support the SDGs and NDCs. This work has supported SDG 17, target 17.4, by enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development.
PAGE has worked with the Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries (DEFF), the Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (DPME), Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) and the Department of Science and Innovation (DST) to develop a framework for monitoring the transition to an environmentally sustainable and low-carbon economy. This work has focused on the development of a dashboard of green economy and sustainability indicators for South Africa based on the global GEP Framework, following the example of Jiangsu province. Once finalised in 2020 these indicators will support review of green economy policies and progress towards the SDGs (SDG 17, targets 17.18 and 17.19). The exchange with Jiangsu province contributes to target 17.6 by enhancing South-South cooperation.
Uruguay has taken significant steps to integrate environmental dimensions into national planning and strategy formulation with PAGE support. These are highlighted below:
Several activities have been completed to support integration of IGE into national policy frameworks, as follows:
- National Environmental Plan: Uruguay’s National Environmental Plan for Sustainable Development was formally launched in October 2019. This Plan provides a framework for developing policies at a national level that integrate the economic, social and environmental pillars of sustainable development. To create a unified framework for environmental management, the Plan seeks to strengthen the Ministry of Housing, Territorial Planning and Environment, which is the environmental authority responsible for environmental planning. It also calls for the National Environmental System – an inter-agency group comprised of various national bodies – to prepare a plan to align the activities of actors at national, departmental and municipal levels.
- National Development Strategy: PAGE supported the inclusion of environmental components into the National Development Strategy Uruguay 2050 officially announced in August 2019. As well as providing an overarching environmental perspective, PAGE’s role in the development of the Strategy included a strategic environmental assessment and greenhouse gasses scenario analysis on the forest-wood-cellulose value chain. This, together with the National Environmental Plan contribute to SDG 17, target 17.14, by enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development. Work on the forest-wood-cellulose value chain contributes to SDG 8, target 8.4, by working to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, and SDG 12, target 12.2, by promoting the sustainable management and efficient use of natural materials. The development of greenhouse gasses scenario analysis supports SDG 13, targets 13.1 and 13.2 by integrating climate change measures into national policies.
Building on the green economy assessment completed in 2015, PAGE has facilitated the use of macroeconomic modelling and related capacity development for public officials, enabling them to develop economic models with an environmental component and evaluate the potential impacts of environmental policies. In 2018, PAGE supported the development of a report describing available models for impact assessment of environmental policies at a macroeconomic level. This work contributes SDG 17, targets 17.18 and 17.19, by increasing the availability of data and measurements of the progress towards the SDGs.