Kazakhstan is an upper middle-income country whose economic growth has largely depended on exploitation of fossil fuels since independence. However, climate change, environmental degradation and waste pollution present significant threats. Kazakhstan is one of the biggest emitters of CO2 in the world in terms of emissions per capita, it is also flood-prone, exposed to extreme temperatures and impacted by glacier melting droughts.
The Government has taken progressive steps to promote sustainable development with ambitious targets set in the National Development Strategy Kazakhstan 2050 and Green Economy Concept. The country is also in the process of revising its Environmental Code to set the frame for sustainable use of natural resources.
Kazakhstan joined PAGE in 2018 to support implementation of its National Development Strategy and development of a legal regulatory framework to implement the updated Environmental Code. On a sectoral level, waste management is considered a focus area, together with green technology, public procurement, fiscal policy and building sustainable and climate resilient cities.
PAGE work in Kazakhstan aims to contribute to the following SDGs: SDG 3, 7 and 13 - through a focus on waste management and energy and emission related challenges and opportunities; SDGs 8, 9, 12 and 15 - through a focus on green technologies; and SDG 11 - through work on green economy concepts on a subnational level.
- Kazakhstan joins PAGE
- Inception mission took place, with meetings held with ministries, private sector and civil society
- National coordinator recruited
- Validation workshop held of the green economy stocktaking report and logical framework
- Inaugural meeting of the national steering committee held
- First PAGE workplan finalised
Progress in 2019: A snapshot
Initiating PAGE involvement
An inception mission took place in February 2019 to initiate discussions with the Government of Kazakhstan and all concerned Ministries, including the Vice Ministers from the Ministry of Energy and Ministry of Agriculture. It also facilitated engagement with research organisations, NGOs and international organisations to identify priority areas for joint action on green economy.
As part of the mission, a stakeholder workshop on green economy took place, as well as discussions with the Economics and Research Institute of the Ministry of National Economy, the Centre for Green Technology and Investments of the Ministry of Energy, and the Astana Finance Centre.
Establishing the foundation for PAGE support
During 2019, work commenced on a green economy stocktaking report, with a draft presented to 50 stakeholders at a validation workshop in November 2019. The draft study provides an overview of the economic, environmental and social issues facing the country, as well as key national and international stakeholders to be engaged in PAGE work. It reviews the strategic green economy policy documents in Kazakhstan, as well as sectoral and thematic policies that could guide PAGE support in the country, including energy, national resource management, industrial development, agriculture, waste management, sustainable finance and education. The inaugural National Steering Committee meeting took place back-to-back.
Following validation of the stocktaking report and logical framework and establishment of the national steering committee, the first annual workplan was finalised in December 2019.
Identifying priority areas for PAGE support
Work will focus on the integration of low-carbon development into the green economy strategic vision and Green Economy Concept, including:
- Developing the waste section of the Low Carbon Development Strategy in partnership with other actors;
- Supporting the implementation of Kazakhstan’s NDCs through review of good practices relating to fiscal policy to reduce carbon emissions in various sectors; and
- Providing technical advisory support to develop legal tools related to the new Environmental Code.
- Developing a National Programme on Waste Management up to 2030, with circular economy principles incorporated;
- Supporting Green Industry through the development of a national legal and regulatory framework for promoting green technologies;
- Developing a concept of green economy development at a sub-regional/city level; and
- Completing analysis and consultations on the feasibility of introducing a Policy and Action Plan for the implementation of sustainable public procurement.
- Completing a learning needs assessment of civil servants and stakeholders, with the goal of elaborating a capacity building programme with the Academy of Civil Servants;
- Organising a PAGE Academy on Green Economy for high level public officials; and
- Organising a high-level green economy awareness raising event.