Ghana

Graduating Country:
Ghana

For over a decade, Ghana’s national planning frameworks have set a clear path towards transitioning to a green economy.

Overview

Ghana has achieved strong economic growth over the past two decades, reducing poverty and improving social indicators. The 2006-2009 food, fuel and financial crisis prompted the government to transition to a more sustainable growth. This was recognized in the 2010 publication “Ghana Goes for Green Growth”, together with the National Energy Policy that included a strategy for renewable energies.

The 2013 National Climate Change Policy, which envisages a climate-compatible economy, provided an entry point for PAGE engagement in 2014. The subsequent Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda II (2014-2017) and National Medium-Term Development Policy Framework (2018-2021) further demonstrated Ghana’s commitment to a green economy. With PAGE support, the government has worked towards reframing its economic policy through innovative reforms, incentives, partnerships, business models and investments in green technologies.

PAGE work has culminated in several achievements, including: the mainstreaming of IGE into national planning; inclusion of climate change education in basic schools; completion of thematic reforms in sustainable finance, green jobs and resource efficiency; and institutional capacity building and national ownership. Through its work, PAGE has contributed to the achievement of several SDGs, including SDGs 4, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13 and 17.

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PAGE milestones

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Progress in 2019: A snapshot

Mainstreaming NDCs and SDGs into local and national planning

PAGE supported the completion of Ghana’s metadata report which provides information on climate change and green economy related indicators. It helps MMDAs to develop robust indicators in line with the medium-term development plans for measuring progress and improving reporting. The Government has indicated its willingness to use the metadata report as a foundation for a comprehensive compendium of metadata for the SDGs and its medium-term development policy framework, which will improve the country’s data capturing and reporting on the transition to a green economy. The Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) has set up a specialist committee to take this work forward.

Supporting national efforts to develop an industrial efficiency policy

On 4 April 2019, a workshop was organized and attended by various Ministries, the National Cleaner Production Centre, the Association of Ghana Industries and representatives from the steel and palm oil sectors. Recommendations from a PAGE-supported resource efficiency demonstration in the steel industry were presented. Opportunities for additional finance to expand work on resource efficiencies were also discussed, including a joint proposal to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) under its Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme.

Another resource efficiency demonstration for the palm oil industry is due to be completed in the first quarter of 2020. Building on the lessons from these two sectors, PAGE is exploring opportunities to support the Government in its ambition to develop a national industrial efficiency policy and programme.

Creating a national strategy for green jobs

PAGE has been working with the Ministry of Employment on a strategy for green jobs, which is to be developed in line with Ghana’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). In 2019, a national study on skills for green jobs was developed and is aimed at identifying the needs, gaps and recommendations in order to meet the human capacity demands of a green economy in Ghana. The study is an input to the development a National Strategy on Green Jobs that is also supported by PAGE, which is expected to provide a framework to operationalise Ghana’s National Employment Policy. This National Strategy is being drafted following a stakeholder consultation in August 2019 and is due to be completed in the first quarter of 2020.

Exploring opportunities for green finance

PAGE, in collaboration with the Ministry of Finance, Bank of Ghana and the Banker’s Association, has finalised a scoping study on green finance. The study identifies green finance interventions, investment opportunities and barriers to support domestic resource mobilisation and development of targeted trainings to players in the finance sector. Recommendations from the study were discussed by the PAGE Steering Committee, with a range of activities identified for support in 2020, including advancing work on Green and SDG Bonds.

Integrating IGE into training delivered by national institutions

Significant progress has been made to embed IGE training programmes into national curricula and learning institutions:

  • In collaboration with UN:CC Learn, climate change has been incorporated into the new curriculum of basic schools at primary and secondary level, with teaching started in September 2019;
  • PAGE, with the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS), has started to design a nationally tailored course on green finance for public officials. A competency framework has been developed, to be further discussed with national stakeholders, before using as the basis for course development in early 2020; and
  • Further training has been conducted in collaboration with the National Development Planning Commission (NDPC), MESTI and the GSS to support the use of metadata, with trainings to over 160 statisticians covering all MMDAs. This will support long-term mainstreaming of green economy goals and targets into local development plans.

PAGE impact: 2014-2019 and beyond

 
Outcome 1: National Policymaking

PAGE has shaped policymaking towards achieving IGE and wider SDG and NDC targets on national and local levels, as documented below:

Shaping national and local IGE policymaking
PAGE has successfully linked green economy goals to wider SDG and NDC targets and established robust indicators to measure progress:
  • Establishing a clear path to IGE transition: A major focus has been development of the country’s next Medium-Term National Development Framework (2018-2021). This was informed by the medium-term development plans of sub-national MMDAs – developed with active support from PAGE. This national framework has set a clear pathway towards transitioning to a green economy.
  • Mainstreaming NDCs and SDGs into decentralised governance system: PAGE has supported MMDAs to improve their capacity to mainstream green economy actions into their work. A manual for mainstreaming climate change and green economy related SDGs into development planning was produced and as of 2018, 280 staff of 24 MMDAs across the three regions of Northern Ghana received training on its use. This has resulted in the incorporation and adoption of green economy related actions into the medium-term plans of 216 MMDAs across the country. This work contributes to SDG 12, target 12.1 by incorporating sustainable production and consumption into national policies, and SDG 17, target 17.14, by enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development.
Developing metadata to monitor SDGs related to climate change and green economy

To ensure comparability in data collection and computation across MMDAs, PAGE has supported the GSS to develop metadata for climate change and green economy related SDGs. The final metadata report covering 138 indicators was completed in 2019, with 162 statisticians trained in its use. This work will not only support sound policymaking and planning, but also help Ghana meet its reporting obligations to the international community through the Voluntary National Review framework. This aligns with SDG 17, target 17.18, by providing capacity-building to increase the availability of high-quality, timely, and reliable disaggregated data.

Strengthening national institutions

A Presidential Committee on Environmental and Natural Resources has been established with a mandate to coordinate the government’s intervention in the fight against illegal small-scale mining. Together with the Inter-Ministerial Committee for SDGs hosted by the Ministry of Planning at the Presidency and the SDGs Implementation Committee, these national institutions provide an entry point at the highest political level to drive actions on green economy beyond PAGE. This contributes to SDG 17, targets 17.14 and 17.16 by enhancing policy coherence and supporting partnerships.

Outcome 2: Sectoral and Thematic Reform

PAGE work has centred on three key thematic areas: sustainable finance, green jobs and resource efficiency.

Green finance

PAGE completed a study on access to and opportunities for scaling up green finance in 2019, with a set of recommendations and proposed actions under discussion with the Public Service Commission (PSC). A working group comprising representatives from Ministry of Finance, MESTI, Private Enterprises Federation, Bankers Association of Ghana, and the Bank of Ghana provided technical support and guidance for the process. This supports SDG 17, target 17.3, on mobilising additional financial resources, and target 17.16, by facilitating partnerships.

Skills for green jobs

PAGE has been working to develop a strategy for green jobs in line with Ghana’s NDCs - identified as a gap at the 2018 event “Ghana National Dialogue on Decent Work and Just Transition to an Environmentally Sustainable Economy and Society for All”. A national study on skills for green jobs has been conducted, which will be validated with stakeholders in early 2020. A National Strategy on Green Jobs is also in the process of being drafted and due to be completed in 2020. Opportunities to link the Strategy to Ghana’s National Employment Policy and identify supporting projects in green sectors will be explored in 2020. This work contributes to SDG 8, target 8.5, focused on decent work for all.

Resource efficiency

PAGE has supported tailor-made training activities for selected firms in the steel and palm oil sectors, together with resource efficiency demonstrations. PAGE work under this theme has raised awareness about the benefits of energy efficiency and related methodologies within government institutions and industry in Ghana on energy management systems, power factor correction, resource efficiency and cleaner production. It also raised awareness of resource efficiency programmes in South Africa and Tunisia that could be adopted in Ghana. PAGE intends to support the Government’s ambition to develop a national industrial resource efficiency policy and programme, building on the above demonstration projects. These efforts contribute to SDG 8, specifically targets 8.2 and 8.3 on achieving higher levels of economic productivity, and SDG 9, target 9.2 on promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialisation.

Outcome 3: Strengthening Capacity

PAGE has collaborated with government institutions, universities and academia to strengthen foundational learning on IGE. This has supported achievement of SDG 4, by ensuring that learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, and SDG 13, by improving education, awareness and individual and institutional capacity. Examples include:

Building institutional capacity

Several activities have been conducted to build the institutional capacity of primary and secondary schools, all the way up to university level:

  • PAGE, with the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS), has started to design a nationally tailored course on green finance for public officials. A competency framework has been developed, to be further discussed with national stakeholders, before using as the basis for course development in early 2020; and
  • In collaboration with the One UN:CC Learn, PAGE has been working to introduce green economy in the curricula of primary and secondary schools, with funding and technical support provided to the Environmental Protection Agency, the Ghana Education Service and MESTI. Learning materials were completed, and teaching commenced in September 2019.
Building individual capacity
Several examples of support to build green economy capacity across various industries, media houses and government institutions can be provided:
  • In April 2018, a training was organised on the implementation of Energy Management Systems (EnMS) within identified energy intensive industries. This was followed by a training of mining sector engineers and business managers on ISO 50001 certification - an international standard focused on energy management;
  • A series of media trainings have been conducted in collaboration with MESTI. The first took place in July 2015, with 15 media houses attending and media coverage from national outlets. Another two events took place in June and July 2018, with 60 media practitioners given a background on IGE principles in order to enhance reporting; and
  • Training series delivered in 2018 and 2019 to over 280 staff of 24 MMDAs across the three regions of Northern Ghana to support long-term mainstreaming of green economy goals and targets into local development plans.