Argentina

Inception Country:
Argentina

Argentina has set its agenda for economic reform to emphasise growth, employment and sustainability.

Overview

Argentina is the third largest economy in Latin America and an upper middle-income country with a well-diversified economy. However, it has recently experienced a slowdown in economic progress and a rise in unemployment. Against this background, the country recognizes the need to pursue economic reforms to facilitate growth, stimulate employment and promote sustainability, with important structural challenges to overcome on the road to IGE.

Argentina has demonstrated a commitment to sustainability on an international scale, including promoting the sustainability agenda during its G20 Presidency of 2018. On a national level, Congress recently approved the Minimum Standard Law on Climate Change, setting standards for climate protection in policy strategies for different sectors and a law on prohibiting use of microplastic in cosmetic and housekeeping products.

Argentina joined PAGE in 2018, to support advancement of IGE with a focus on the following: governance; technical analysis to inform policymaking; vocational training to support labour market transition; and sustainable productive development and finance for technological innovation, including fiscal incentives, sustainable public procurement schemes and sustainable financial instruments. PAGE also plans to contribute to sectoral reform through cross-sectoral dialogue and targeted support to waste management and green industry. This work is currently aligned to SDGs 4, 8, 9, 12 and 17.

The Sustainable Development Goals

PAGE milestones

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  • PAGE activities in Argentina in 2018

    • Argentina joins PAGE
    • PAGE National Steering Committee established
    • First workshop held to identify priority workstreams for the inception phase and support the theory of change
  • PAGE activities in Argentina in 2019

    • National coordinator onboarded
    • Inception report completed
    • Inception mission held, including a high-level launch event
    • Green economy stocktaking study initiated
    • PAGE co-organised a Green Jobs Fair with tripartite constituencies and the Ministries of Environment, and Production and Labour
    • First south-south exchange forum on technology as a tool for global education on green economy co-organised by PAGE Uruguay and Argentina

Progress in 2019: A snapshot

Building a strong case for green economy transition

PAGE was launched with a scoping and inception workshop in May 2019, with more than 160 participants from unions, businesses, financial sector, state agencies and civil society. A green economy stocktaking study is being developed by the Centre for Sustainability (UNESCO-IIEP) of the faculty for Economic Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires (expected in early 2020).

Complementary to the stocktaking study, PAGE is developing an analytical framework that links the approaches of Just Transition to the 2030 Agenda and SDG-related policies. This study emphasizes how the green economy can be used as a tool to achieve sustainable development with special focus on poverty eradication. This work will be shared through a Strategic Dialogue Series in business chambers, banks, international credit institutions and other identified spaces planned in 2020.

Developing Green Performance Indicators to inform policymaking

PAGE has been advancing the country diagnostics on green performance indicators. The purpose of this diagnostic is to develop and prioritise environmental performance indicators and streamline them into a single report that provides a technical basis for policymakers to make informed decisions on IGE. The report will identify priority economic sectors, the political interventions necessary to improve performance against these indicators and related data gaps.

In 2020, this work will be complemented by trainings on green economy assessment tools and indicator frameworks, including the Green Economy Progress Indicator framework. A review of existing environmental, economic, and labour policies will also be conducted to establish a coherent framework of indices and indicators for IGE.

Assessing the effects of green economy transition on the labour market

In November 2019, ILO and the National University of Tres de Febrero, commenced an assessment of the effects of the transition to a green economy on the labour market. Due to be finalised in March 2020, the study will feed into the design and implementation of policies aimed at promoting a fair transition process, with a special focus on gender. An additional element of this workstream is institutional capacity development, with a focus on the design and delivery of professional training strategies that provide reference frameworks for qualifications, content of vocational trainings, certifications and standards.

Supporting successful implementation of the Circular Economy

PAGE supported the establishment of a Competitiveness Board for the Circular Economy within the Ministry of Production. This brings together all relevant sectors and chambers to assess barriers and opportunities relating to the industrial sector to support successful implementation of the Circular Economy (with a focus on recycling) and to draft possible legal, fiscal or productive reforms.

Using this mechanism, PAGE has supported a first industrial mapping being developed by sector representatives in a participatory manner. Engagement with stakeholders at an early stage has helped to facilitate ownership and build consensus on the way forward for green industrial development.

This work provides a basis for planned activities in 2020, including the development of a sustainable finance roadmap for the promotion of sustainable productive development with emphasis on Circular Economy.

Outreach on green jobs, just transition and youth engagement

In collaboration with national partners, PAGE has organized and participated in several outreach activities including:

  • A Green Jobs Fair with over 700 young people, government, employers and private sector representatives, focusing on sustainable ventures, training opportunities and a Just Transition towards a green economy in September 2019;
  • A course on Green Jobs and Just Transition under the IX Capacity Development course in September 2019;
  • A dialogue on green economy and decent work, including a presentation on the informal economy, gathering researchers, public officials, social actors and international experts in October 2019;
  • A "Youth Hackathon on Green Jobs and Just Transition" with approximately 50 young people covered by employment programmes to discuss youth employment challenges, in November 2019; and
  • A webinar on green economy and the Just Transition as part of the Webinar Series on Decent Work in Agriculture.